00:05Portal for ArcGIS is a great way to share templates.

00:09You may be involved with creating weather products that support operations.

00:13In order to do this, we would want to use some tools...

00:16...or follow standards in creating these products.

00:20Let's go ahead and search Weather templates.

00:27Here is an example called Military Aspects of Weather.

00:30This is a Desktop template to help us understand how weather affects operations.

00:37Templates allow us a starting point or a guide in creating products.

00:42In this template, there are tools, models, symbology datasets, and documentation...

00:49...that help us understand how weather affects operations.

00:53Now, contained in this template, there are three workflows: one to help us understand how...

00:58...climate affects an area; second, to help us understand how we can bring in current...

01:02...conditions and relate those to how effective operations are; and a third... help us understand how NetCDF and group data can be processed to view how...

01:12...their meteological data come together to affect operations.

01:17Now, we can download this right from our portal.

01:23We've downloaded the Military Aspects of Weather template.

01:27Contained in the directories are documentation and maps.

01:30In the Documentation folder, there's two PDFs: one that explains how to get started with...

01:35...the Military Aspects of Weather Template; and another one that goes more in detail...

01:39...about how to use the Military Aspects of Weather template.

01:43Contained in the Maps folder are examples of Climate Data, Forecast data...

01:49...symbology datasets, data for processing, METAR scripts, and approximately 20 tools...

01:58...that help us understand how we can take meteorological data...

02:02...and relate those to effects on operations.

02:06There are also four maps contained in this directory...

02:10...two that deal with climate and two that deal with weather.

02:14Climate maps would be used for producing climate products to see how your...

02:18...area of operations is over a 12-month period.

02:21Weather maps will have to do with bringing in current conditions and forecast conditions...

02:26...and seeing how these factors relate to operations.

02:31Contained in the METAR folder are scripts that will go out and get METAR data...

02:36...reported from ICAO, or International Civil Aviation Organization... stations at airports.

02:44And we can use these weather reports to bring into our geodatabase to see how these...

02:48...metrological values affect operations.

02:51There's a config file that will have to be edited to point to your geodatabase.

02:56This is documented and using the Military Aspects of Weather PDF document.

03:04Let's take a look at some of the maps.

03:08Let's take a look at the Climate Map and see what's contained within it.

03:15Here we have our Climate Map opened up.

03:18Contained in the Climate Map are some example datasets.

03:22These are some examples of products that could be created from processing climate data.

03:28We also have a time series of climate data.

03:33This data was provided by the Climate Research Unit in the Tyndall Centre... the University of East Anglia in the United Kingdom.

03:42Here we have some temperature for Southwest Asia.

03:46Now, this isn't a mosaic dataset and this is referencing 12 months of data.

03:53It's time-enabled, so we can go through each month: January, February, and so forth... see how climate changes over the time period.

04:05When we relate this to operations, we can understand normal conditions...

04:09...for the time of month when we're conducting the operation.

04:18Along with temperature, there are numerous other datasets contained in this map document.

04:25There's also a Climate Map for publishing...

04:27...contained in the Military Aspects of Weather template.

04:30That contains the same data in here -- just with the basemaps taken out of the template.

04:37Let's take a look at the weather maps contained in the Military Aspects of Weather template.

04:43Here, we have our Weather Map open.

04:46The Weather Map is broken up into two group layers... for current conditions and one for forecast conditions.

04:54Current conditions are broken up into Weather and Activity.

05:01Weather could be a product of running that METAR script.

05:05We talked about METAR earlier; we can run this script, it will go to these weather stations...

05:11...pick out the variables and be able to plot these right on the map.

05:15Now, it's contained in this group layer some symbology sets for different types of variables.

05:21Now, how do we make these variables come together and see how they affect operations?

05:28You get something like this: red being unfavorable, orange being marginal...

05:34...or green being favorable -- so that means how are my personnel affected by the weather?

05:41Well, by running a script such as Current Conditions Handling, it's going to take that...

05:45...Current Conditions in the Weather group layer over there.

05:50It matches up to a CurrentImpacts feature class.

05:54And this is done using a table...

05:56...where we've mapped some thresholds of different mission types.

05:59So there's Personnel -- so anything between -26 to -6 Celsius is going to have a value of -1...

06:09...where -6 to 30 Celsius is going to have 0.

06:14What 0 is is a favorable, meaning no effect on operations; -1 being marginal...

06:22...with marginal effects on operations; -2 being unfavorable, or the success of that mission...

06:28...or the effect on that platform is very unfavorable.

06:33So that's how we get these values such as this.

06:38We could do these for different mission types...

06:41...whether it be Personnel, Parachute Drops, Artillery and so forth.

06:47But each of these different mission areas are going to have different inputs... Personnel could have inputs of temperature, or heat index, or wind chill, or so forth.

06:56Let's say UAVs, they might have effects of wind, precipitation, cloud cover, and so forth.

07:06So that's how we get the unfavorable, marginal, and favorable...

07:10...effectiveness of each mission type.

07:13We've focused on bringing current condition weather reports from METAR data...

07:18...and relating those to different military activities.

07:21Now let's focus on bringing in forecast information...

07:24...and seeing how those relate to activities.

07:32Weather forecasts are sometimes giving a NetCDF or grid data.

07:36These are scientific formats that are multi-dimensional...

07:40...meaning, they have a location as well as some parameters at that location.

07:45Using some tools that are included in the Military Aspects of Weather template...

07:49...we can import this data and run similar processes... we're doing the current condition but on forecast conditions.

07:57That way we can see how operations will be affected in the upcoming hours.

08:03Say if we have some forecast data, such as NetCDF, let's go through a workflow...

08:08...which will allow us to import that NetCDF file and then relate those to operations...

08:13...and seeing how our operations are affected by the forecast data.

08:17The first tool which we will run is the Inspect NetCDF File tool.

08:22This allows us to get parameters from that NetCDF file...

08:26...and be able to map those parameters with the military aspects whether schema.

08:31Once we've run that tool, the next tool which we will run is the Import NetCDF File.

08:36This will take the NetCDF file and break it down into rasters, parameters, and a time.

08:43It will populate the latest forecast geodatabase.

08:47Here, we have our parameter of Cloud Ceiling and a time -- and another time.

08:54This data will be accessed through a mosaic dataset...

08:57...and we will be able to look at our times and those conditions at each time.

09:05Let's go ahead and look at some of the sample data contained in the template.

09:12Here, we have an example of a Cloud Ceiling at a specific time.

09:17Let's go ahead and enable our Time Slider.

09:20Here, we have the first time of the cloud-ceiling forecast.

09:24We can go through each of those forecasts and see how the cloud ceiling... at that forecasted time.

09:29Now, these are coming from those rasters in the latest forecaset geodatabase...

09:35...where we're accessing them through a mosaic dataset... the Military Aspects of Weather geodatabase here.

09:42So we've viewed our weather conditions at different times.

09:45Now, how do these come together and see how they affect operations.

09:49While using the Forecast Handling toolset, there's a Process New Forecast.

09:53Similar to the Current Conditions Handling toolset and the Process New Conditions tool...

09:58...this tool will take our weather variables and match those up to different activities.

10:05So here is a result that you see in the Activity's group layer here...

10:10...say you are interested in UAV operations.

10:14UAV operations are factors of Cloud Ceiling, Visibility, Wind Speed, Precipitation Rate.

10:23What that process new forecast will do -- it will take the parameters from...

10:28...the forecast of Cloud Ceiling, Visibility, Wind Speed and Precipitation Rate...

10:32...and give it a combined impact for each time.

10:36Let's go ahead and see the operational impacts at different times.

10:44Here, we have the combined impact of UAV operations at this particular time.

10:49Well, we can go ahead and go through each of those times...

10:52...and see how UAV operations are affected.

10:58As the forecast goes, operations are less affected.

11:02At this time, they're hardly affected -- this is being marginal effectiveness and this having...

11:09...favorable effectiveness, but at times, within the next few hours of the forecast...

11:18...there's a lot of unfavorable effects.

11:24What we've done in this part of the Military Aspects of Weather template... examine two processes.

11:29One, importing current conditions and relating those to operations...

11:33...and see how current weather affects those operations.

11:37And another, to bring in forecast data and see how those affect operations.

11:44Next, we'll examine some products that could be created...

11:47...when we share this information as services.

11:50When we publish our weather information as services, it can be used by multiple applications.

11:55One way it can be used by multiple applications is creating a web map on ArcGIS Online...

12:00...or portal for ArcGIS instance -- we're at a portal for ArcGIS instance.

12:05Let's go ahead and search our weather.

12:09Here, we have an example of the current weather conditions.

12:13Now, here is a map service that's been shared with this portal.

12:16Now, we can go ahead and open it right in our map viewer and create a web map.

12:25So here are similar conditions to what we had in our Desktop environment...

12:28...just in a web environment here.

12:31So let's zoom into our area of interest and view how some weather activity is.

12:42Same like in a Desktop environment, we can turn on and off layers.

12:54Now, let's turn on some of these activity layers.

13:01Say we're making a web map about personnel activity, and you want this to be appearing in...

13:07...a web application such as a story map.

13:09Now, what we would do is we'll save our map, give it some tags, Military Aspects of Weather..., personnel, and your brief description.

13:36Once we save it, we can then share it.

13:38And we'll share it with everyone or members of specific groups.

13:43We also have the ability to make a web application.

13:49There are also some story-telling applications that could be used as briefing products.

13:56Once you've created a web map, we can use it in different applications.

14:02For instance, we could have the same information in a story-telling application.

14:08This could be used as a briefing.

14:10Now, Personnel, that could be from that same webmap.

14:14What they have here are different webmaps.

14:17So what I've done is I created a different webmap with one of these layers turned on.

14:21And in this story map application, the side accordion allows you to put multiple web maps... that's what's done in this application.

14:32We have our current conditions here and how it affects operations here.

14:41Now we discuss climate on our Desktop workflows.

14:44This same information can be viewed in a web application.

14:49This one has a time slider so you can go through each month see the norms for that month.

14:58We can also do the same with forecast affects.

15:02To see, being in a web map, powers all these applications.

15:06You can also see this information in Esri Maps for Office, such as a briefing.

15:12Here, we have web maps so we can access right in our PowerPoint presentation.

15:20Now, these aren't JPEGs, we have access to this map.

15:24This example here was done with a little configuration...

15:27...of the Military Aspects of Weather template.

15:29Instead of drawing METAR, we're running some information coming from ships.

15:35That way, we can bring in those current conditions...

15:37...and relate those to maritime activities.

15:39We can also use our weather web map and a dashboard.

15:42Now, here is a dashboard of some operations in the Straits of Hormuz.

15:47Contained in the upper left are UAV weather conditions...

15:50...driving right from that central place of the web map.

15:54So these are just some examples of what can be done...

15:56...once your information is shared into a web map.

16:00Just to recap, what we have done here in the Military Aspects of Weather template...

16:04...presentation to show how we could use portal for ArcGIS... search for and download a template.

16:11After downloading, we reviewed the contents of the Military Aspects of Weather template.

16:15We started with documentation as well as sample data where located.

16:21We viewed some sample maps contained in the template.

16:24We viewed a map about climate.

16:27We also viewed some tools that are complained in the template

16:30How to bring in current conditions and relate those to operations.

16:36Finally, you showed some products that could be created...

16:39...when our items are shared to ArcGIS Online.

16:42We showed some examples of story maps showing climate and current conditions... well as showing how our products could be used in briefings and Esri Maps for Office.

16:52Finally, we also showed how items could be used in a dashboard.

16:56Thank you for your time today.

16:58You can find more weather-related tools at the resources page.

Copyright 2016 Esri
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Military Aspects of Weather Template Presentation

This presentation introduces the Military Aspects of Weather template and shows how to use the tools in the template to download weather information, create climate and weather maps, and evaluate the impact of weather on missions. 

  • Recorded: Feb 25th, 2014
  • Runtime: 17:09
  • Views: 259
  • Published: Feb 26th, 2014
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